If you’ve noticed that your steering wheel has become loose or wobbly, it’s important to address the issue as soon as possible. A loose steering wheel can make driving uncomfortable and unsafe, as it can affect the vehicle’s handling and control. In this article, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to fix loose/wobbly steering wheel play. By following these instructions, you can improve the steering and drivetrain performance of your vehicle.
- Loose steering wheels can affect the vehicle’s handling and control.
- The main cause of loose steering wheel play is a worn-out intermediate steering shaft.
- Replacing the intermediate steering shaft can fix the problem and improve the vehicle’s steering performance.
- It is possible to replace the intermediate steering shaft without using a lift. The job can be done on the ground using a creeper.
Step 1: Identify the Problem
Start by inspecting your steering wheel for any signs of loose or wobbly play. Move the steering wheel from side to side and observe any excessive movement. A significant amount of play in the steering wheel indicates a problem with the intermediate steering shaft.
Step 2: Prepare the Vehicle
Before you begin the repair, park your vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake. It is also recommended to secure the steering wheel using a bungee cord or any device that can keep it still during the repair process. This will prevent the steering wheel from spinning freely once you unbolt the intermediate steering shaft.
Step 3: Remove the Front Wheel
To gain access to the steering shaft, you need to remove the front wheel on the same side as the steering shaft. Use a suitable tool, such as a socket wrench, to remove the wheel’s fasteners. Once the fasteners are removed, set the wheel aside.
Step 4: Locate the Intermediate Steering Shaft
Behind the front tire on the driver’s side, you will find the intermediate steering shaft. It is connected to the steering wheel through a coupler. Take note of any rust or damage on the joint, as this is likely the source of the play in the steering wheel.
Step 5: Remove the Coupler and Fasteners
Using a suitable tool, such as a socket wrench, remove the fasteners that secure the coupler to the intermediate steering shaft. Take note of the size of the fasteners, as they may vary depending on whether they are factory-installed or replacements. It is not necessary to unbolt the steering rack for this repair.
Step 6: Unbolt the Lower Shaft
Locate the lower shaft, where it connects to the steering rack. Remove the 12mm or 13mm fastener at this point. This may require some extra effort, as rust and dirt can make it difficult to remove the fastener. Apply penetrating oil to help loosen things up.
Step 7: Remove the Old Intermediate Steering Shaft
Once the fasteners are removed, you can remove the old intermediate steering shaft. This may require some persistence and the use of tools such as an air hammer or pry bar. Be careful not to damage any other components in the process.
Step 8: Clean the Shaft and Install the New One
Before installing the new intermediate steering shaft, clean the shaft using a wire brush to remove any buildup or debris. Apply a small amount of anti-seize to the shaft for smoother operation. Install the new shaft, ensuring that it aligns correctly with the coupler and the steering rack.
Step 9: Reassemble and Torque to Specification
Once the new shaft is installed, reassemble any covers or components that were removed. Be sure to torque all fasteners according to the manufacturer’s specifications. This includes the two upper fasteners, as well as the lower slip joint that attaches to the steering rack.
Step 10: Perform a DIY Alignment
While not necessary, you can perform a DIY alignment to get the steering wheel as straight as possible. This can be done using a floor jack and adjusting the tie rods. However, it is important to note that a professional alignment is still recommended for accurate results.
Fixing a loose or wobbly steering wheel play is essential for the proper functioning and safety of your vehicle. By following the step-by-step guide provided in this article, you can replace the worn-out intermediate steering shaft and improve your vehicle’s steering performance. Remember to always follow the manufacturer’s specifications and consider seeking professional help if needed. Safe driving!